While some of these species became extinct in the times around ancient Greece, some disappeared as late as the 19th century. Some extinct dog breeds you should learn about.
We do not know for sure the exact number of extinct dog breeds. There are many reasons why a certain breed may be extinct. Some fall out of use as work animals, and others are forgotten. But thanks to ancient documents and science, we have been able to get an idea of some of these breeds.
Throughout history, humans have been one of the main factors in the survival of wild and domestic animals. For domestic animals, the development of work and the idea of pets has been crucial.
On the downside , we sometimes import exotic species. These not only compete for resources with other animals, but in many cases they also carry diseases that the native species have never experienced before.
Right now, climate change is a major threat to millions of species worldwide. Unfortunately, this can increase the number of extinct dog breeds. But for now, we’ll focus on those who are already extinct.
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Some extinct dog breeds from ancient times
1. Molossus dog
Molossus dog is probably the ancestor of what we now know as mastiffs. This is one of the oldest we have recorded above: both Vergil and Aristotle mention it. But historians and other experts have not agreed on their relationship with humans, and whether we used them for protection or hunting.
2. African naked dog
As the name suggests, this was a race without hair. It also tended to have a high body temperature, and people apparently used them as a kind of blanket. People thought they had healing properties. This is a progenitor of other modern hairless dogs. It is a preserved specimen in the Walter Rothschild Museum in England, which proves that they existed.
The first on our list is a dog that looked a lot like a fox, with some very sharp teeth. Their presence in New Zealand dates back to the 18th century, when colonizers arrived in their large canoes. However, they did not make it through the 19th century, due to the fact that it was mixed with European races. In other words, the purebred were only gradually wiped out.
Historical documents from the 17th century suggest that this dog is the ancestor of both beagles and bloodhounds. Talbot dogs were so important that some pubs and taverns in England still have a picture of this breed outside their building.
5. Paisley terrier
The name of this breed comes from its place of origin: Paisley, Scotland. They had long, silky soft fur, and became one of the most popular show dogs in the 18th century. They eventually disappeared after being used to breed the Yorkshire Terrier. People thought the new breed was more aesthetically pleasing.
This breed had one of the most unusual jobs in the long history of dogs as pets. Because they had such long bodies and short legs (similar to the modern dachshund), they were able to run around in a wheel that would turn the meat over a fire to fry it evenly.
With advances in technology , of course, their main job ended up becoming obsolete. This is what eventually led to their extinction.
These are just a few of the breeds that have become extinct over the years, and here is an article for you about other animals in danger of extinction.